One million Americans slip, trip, or fall every year, costing employers an average of $40,000 per incident and accounting for 20 percent of all job-related injuries and 15 percent of all accidental deaths — about 20,000 people annually. These two sets of tips — one for workers, the other for worksites — can help keep your employees on their toes and on task:
Tips for Worker Safety
- Wear boots or overshoes with non-slip soles. Avoid footwear that has smooth soles, which increase the risk of slipping.
- Walk cautiously. Know that you could slip or quickly encounter an unseen patch of ice.
- Avoid the temptation to run to beat traffic when crossing a street. (We should always try to avoid running at work.)
- Your arms help keep you balanced, so keep your hands out of your pockets. Avoid carrying loads that are unwieldy and may cause you to lose balance.
- Look ahead to see where you step. When walking on icy areas, spread your feet slightly to increase your center of gravity and take short, shuffling steps. Curl your toes under and walk as flat-footed as possible.
- Avoid horseplay or other distractions.
- When entering or exiting your vehicles, hold onto the door or side of the vehicle for extra support. Maintain three points of contact at all times.
Tips for Worksite Safety
- Have a program and procedures to promptly remove ice and snow from parking lots, garages and sidewalks.
- Email winter weather warnings to staff, cautioning them about ice, snow and slippery surfaces at the worksite. For staff who have no email access, post notices on bulletin boards.
- Post and distribute phone and email contacts for maintenance department, encouraging employees to report icy conditions.
- Place labeled bins of ice-melting chemicals and scoops that employees can use immediately on icy patches. The bins should include instructions for handling ice melting chemicals. Secure bins so they cannot be removed.
- Provide beveled-edge mats in entrances during winter months and when it rains.
- Water from melting snow or ice can accumulate inside the workplace and at entrances. Monitor these problem areas and keep them dry. Ensure that mats are in place; replace mats if they become saturated with water.
- Isolate problem areas by closing them to the general public, or install signs warning of the slip hazard. When you close or rope off a wet area, ensure that you don’t redirect foot traffic to other slip and trip hazards.
For more information on preventing slips, trips and falls during the coming winter months, as well as sample checklists, pointers and worksite posters, visit Pinnacol.com. Additional resources are available on the website pages of the Occupational Safety & Health Administration and National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). (While developed for healthcare workers, the NIOSH publication includes helpful tips to prevent winter falls at any workplace.) Or contact Safety On Call at firstname.lastname@example.org or 303.361.4700 or 888.501.4752. Our safety services team stands ready to answer questions and help keep your workforce on sure footing.
By Jason VanGotten, Colorado Restaurant Insurance —
As a restaurant owner, you’ve put your heart and soul into opening a business and running it successfully. The responsibilities of ownership are sometimes overwhelming. Every minute of the day is critical and typically consumed with a pressing set of high priority daily activities, such as: scheduling stock orders, coordinating schedules, closing out, and many more. With so many tasks in a given day things like cyber security are often overlooked until it’s too late. In a small period of time, all the hard work, money, and time you’ve invested in your business can be lost. This is our new reality. The threats are increasingly more common whether a restaurant has multiple locations, or not. Even large national restaurant chains (Sonic & Chipotle) have IT security holes that have allowed hackers to penetrate their networks and steal personal identifiable information. It is a team effort between the restaurant management team (to create a process and work with employees internally), your IT provider, your point-of-sale (POS) provider, merchant services and your insurance agent to help you with these strategies.
Here are the facts:
- Malware can make its way into a POS system.
- Credit card skimming is real.
- There are 33 million malicious URLs on the internet today.
- Security experts have identified 50% of the Android applications released this year could be traced to malicious data mining activities.
- Phishing attempts are hard to spot: “read the attached pdf, word, or excel doc.”
- It can happen by clicking the wrong item. Easy to do.
- Additionally your friends can be hacked, and the hackers will size up your profile and pretend to be your friend communicating with you while they try to trick you into giving up a password to log into a phony site. Maybe that is the same password you use for everything in your life?
- Facebook, Instagram and YouTube hacking is also real.
The list of possible ways for your restaurant to be hacked is long. Often the restaurant networks and the restaurant owner’s personal devices are not fully protected. Additionally, there is currently no protection or policy in place for internal employees bringing their own devices to work.
What should I do?
Talk to the Colorado Restaurant Association (CRA) cyber security insurance experts. They are partnering with security focused IT experts who can help you create an IT strategy. The CRA also offers a cyber insurance program to help protect your business in the case of a data breach. It is smart to be covered from all angles.
Attend our upcoming webinar series!
The CRA, in conjunction with their insurance company, Colorado Restaurant Insurance, will continue to highlight the subject of cyber security in an on-going series of upcoming webinars. Come and learn more about how to protect your restaurant investment.
In 2013, overexertion injuries from lifting, carrying, pushing and pulling materials accounted for $15 billion in workers’ compensation costs nationally, or 25 percent of all claims costs. Only the common cold accounts for more lost days of work.
Claims involving lifting are the most common strain-related injury that Pinnacol sees. From 2011 to 2015, strain claims from lifting accounted for 32 percent of all strains, with an average annual cost of almost $31 million. The average cost of a low back injury claim is $10,745. And the indirect costs to the policyholder (e.g., loss of productivity, overtime costs and rehiring and training costs) can be much greater — two to four times the direct cost of the claim. The following controls can help curb back and shoulder injuries at your workplace:
Engineering controls — Change or modify tools, equipment or machinery to reduce the physical demands of the job. Use assistive devices (e.g., crane, forklift, conveyor) to handle materials.
Work practice controls — Change the way job tasks are performed to reduce the frequency and duration of risk exposure. For example, reorganize the order of job tasks to allow muscle recovery between tasks that require excessive force.
Administrative controls — These include job rotation, job enlargement, gradual introduction to work and pre-shift warm-up and stretching programs. Another administrative control is team lifting for certain heavy or awkward materials.
Training controls — Demonstrate these techniques when training employees on safe lifting:
- Get as close to the load as possible before lifting it, and keep the load close once you’ve lifted it. If possible, straddle the load or slide the load toward you before picking it up.
- Make sure your footing is secure. Do not lift objects that obscure vision and footing. Plan ahead, and make sure that your travel path is clear of obstructions and that there aren’t slip hazards, such as a wet floor.
- Do not twist while lifting! Move your feet so they point in the direction of the lift as you turn. A good phrase to teach is, “keep the toes to the load.” Lift smoothly and slowly, and do not jerk the load.
For more information on safe lifting in the workplace — including lifting procedures and a worksite poster — visit the lifting and ergonomics webpage at Pinnacol.com. Additional resources are available from the OSHA’s ergonomics webpage and the National Institute of Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). NIOSH and California OSHA also have an excellent booklet with guidelines on manual material handling. Or call Pinnacol’s Safety On Call line at 303.361.4700 or 888.501.4752. Our safety services team stands ready to answer questions and help you take next steps toward safe lifting in the workplace.
Every year, 30 million people in the United States are exposed to dangerous noise levels at work. Thousands of people endure hearing loss, and high noise levels on the job can cause emotional stress and reduce productivity. Excessive noise levels can interfere with communication and concentration, making it hard to hear warning signals or even someone shouting a warning, leading to accidents or injuries at your worksites.
OSHA sets limits on noise exposure on the job based on a worker’s time weighted average over an eight-hour day. OSHA’s permissible exposure limit for noise is 90dBA. In addition, if your employees endure noise levels averaging 85 dBA or greater over an eight-hour day, your organization must implement a hearing conservation program.
Visit OSHA’s website to learn more about the agency’s standards and guidance for general industry and for construction in particular. There, you’ll also find links to helpful guidance from other federal agencies and national organizations.
Pinnacol’s industrial hygienists can evaluate employee exposure to noise in your workplace and determine if your organization needs to develop and implement a hearing conservation program. This service is free to policyholders. Contact your Pinnacol safety consultant to learn more.
Additionally, enter your policyholder number to access the noise and hearing conservation page on Pinnacol’s website. There you’ll find the following helpful downloads:
- Sample Hearing Conservation Program
- General Estimates of Work-Related Noises
- Preventing Occupational Hearing Loss – A Practical Guide
- Preventing Occupational Hearing Loss – Compliance Checklist
- Preventing Occupational Hearing Loss – Program Evaluation Checklist
- Tips on Using Hearing Protection
You can also contact Pinnacol’s Safety On Call hotline at 303.361.4700 or 888.501.4752. Our Safety Services team is committed to helping you protect your employees from occupational hearing loss.
In 2016, Pinnacol processed 2,048 claims for eye injuries for a gross total of just over $2 million. Despite the high risk of eye injury in some industries, many workers skip the precautions that could protect their eyes wearing either the wrong kind of eye protection or no protection when accidents occur. Eye injuries take a toll on businesses, too, accounting for $300 million annually in medical bills, compensation and downtime.
The use of proper eye protection such as safety glasses, goggles and face shields prevents eye injuries. The Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) requires the use of eye and face protection whenever there is a chance of injury from flying objects, splashing chemicals, intense heat and even light radiation. The appropriate eye protection for each work situation depends on the hazards, circumstances of exposure and individual vision needs.
Safety eyewear rated by American National Standards Institute (ANSI) meets specific guidelines. For example, one of the common ratings — ANSI Z87.1 — identifies the eyewear as impact-resistant, an effective safeguard against flying objects. Ensure that eyewear for your workers carries the appropriate ANSI rating. Most manufacturers comply with ANSI, and even stylish eyewear is available from major brands such as 3M, Edge Eyewear, UVEX and others.
Locate and provide “reader” glasses for those employees who perform detailed tasks up close. Be aware that OSHA does require employers to pay for certain personal protective equipment, including non-prescription eye protection. Whether your business is construction, manufacturing or healthcare, there are times when your workers require eye protection. After all, you have only two eyes; let’s protect them with the right equipment!
We encourage you to visit OSHA’s website for helpful resources. Its “eTool,” for example, includes a hazard assessment, information about selecting protective devices and OSHA’s requirements.
For guidance on personal protective equipment and many other resources to help protect your workers’ eyes, visit the Knowledge Center on Pinnacol’s website. Or call Pinnacol’s Safety On Call hotline at 303-361-4700 or 888-501-4752. Our safety services team stands ready to answer questions and help keep your workforce safe, healthy and on the job.
The risk of burns may seem inherent in the restaurant industry, but precautions can be taken to reduce the risk of a burn injury. On average, over the past two years, members of the Colorado Restaurant Safety Group have seen an increase in burn injuries, including severe burns to employees.
Offering safety training, raising awareness of risks and exposures, and implementing safeguards on equipment can reduce burn injuries. However, if an exposure cannot be eliminated, personal protective equipment (PPE) can help protect the employee from exposure by providing a barrier between the employee and the hazard.
The first step toward protecting employees from burn injuries is to determine whether equipment can be upgraded. Newer equipment may have guards in place that older equipment lacks. If purchasing newer equipment is not feasible, consider retrofitting options or process changes where exposures are high.
The next step is to train employees to understand the hazards specific to their jobs. This may be an employee’s first job, or first time working in a restaurant. Unless he or she is trained to recognize the hazards, he or she may not understand the risk.
Burns can occur in many areas of the kitchen, from the fryer to the oven or the grill, and more. Below are a few common restaurant hazards and tips to help protect employees:
- Transfer oil only when cool and in a closed container.
- Self-enclosed fryer oil disposal units can significantly reduce burn injuries from transporting oil.
- Lower the basket slowly into the fryer when frying items to reduce splash back of hot oil.
- Do not overfill the fryer with oil past the fill line.
- Do not lean over the fryer.
Slips in the kitchen play a major role in burn injuries
- Place non-slip mats on the floor or install slip-resistant flooring.
- Wear proper footwear. Lately, slip-resistant shoes come in all styles.
- Ensure lids are secured on pressure cookers.
- Use caution when opening lids, containers and oven doors.
- Use appropriate panhandle covers or protective gloves when handling hot objects.
- Use extreme caution when transferring hot pots – ensure that lids are securely in place and that pots are on a solid and steady surface.
- Use tongs or other tools to work with hot items.
If all safety options have been exhausted and the hazard is still present, make sure to supply employees with the proper personal protective equipment (PPE). PPE can include items such as oven mitts, protective gloves, hot pads, protective arm sleeves, pan handle covers, aprons and slip-resistant shoes.
More training tools and sample safety rules can be found at https://www.pinnacol.com/knowledge-center/food-service-safety.
Did you know that up to 90 percent of all skin cancers are caused by prolonged or intense exposure to the sun? Outdoor workers are exposed to ultraviolet (UV) radiation and at greater risk of sun damage and skin cancers. With this in mind, The Five S’s of Sun Safety can guide you in safeguarding your employees:
- Slip on sun-protective clothing
- Slop on SPF 30+ sunscreen
- Slap on a sun hat
- Slide on quality sunglasses
- Shade from the sun whenever possible
UV radiation from the sun reflects off water, sand, concrete, light-colored surfaces and snow, which can harm the eyes. These surfaces considerably increase the strength of the sun’s damaging rays, so employees who work in these areas should exercise extra precaution.
Important to Know
- Sunlight exposure is highest during the summer and between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m.
- Workers are exposed to UV radiation even on cloudy days.
- Many drugs and medications increase sensitivity to sunlight and the risk of sunburn. These include thiazides, diuretics, tetracycline, doxycycline, sulfa antibiotics and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, such as ibuprofen.
Is your workplace sun-safe?
We know that more than 80 percent of skin cancer cases are caused by overexposure to UV, so this hazard is largely preventable! Education about the prevention and early detection of this disease should be a priority for all organizations.
Pinnacol and other resources
For information and standards that can improve your organization’s sun safety, visit the Occupational Safety & Health Administration (OSHA), the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and American Cancer Society websites. For workplace posters, forms, online training and more, visit Pinnacol’s Knowledge Center webpages. Or call Pinnacol’s Safety On Call hotline at (303)361-4700 or (888)501-4752. Our Safety Services team stands ready to answer questions and help keep your employees safe from the sun’s hazards.
By The Denver Police Department
- Ensure the business is well-lit and eliminate places for criminals to hide near the building.
- Lock all doors and windows when closed or away from the business. Install double cylinder deadbolts where possible, securing all points of entry, such as gates, fences, roof access, etc.
- Remove cash from registers and leave the register open at the close of business and secure valuables or merchandise out of sight when closed.
- Post signs outside your business letting criminals know there isn’t money in the register or safe, and keep track of inventory by marking items or logging serial numbers.
- Start or join a Business Watch Program to build relationships with neighboring business owners.
- Install an alarm or surveillance system.
Contact your local Denver Police District for a business safety assessment.